IT Gov OC 2a – Strategic IS Planning

We will cover a forward looking-intensive work in getting IS implementation successful, namely planning. As its name describes, however, senior managements frequently tend to play down planning and merely hand it over to their subordinates. This paradigm of seeing planning as a kind of short term task would not only undervalue the busines case of IT investments themselves, but to a greater degree, would eventually sprirrals down company’s resources due to the waste of not utilizing IT in alignment with business objective. Failing to meet such alignment, would bear a risk to companies to loose their competitiveness in long term.

Unfortunately, Muki’s resources are way too much for me to sort them out neatly in such a short fix. So, I will divide the strategic information system planning topics into two sub-topics. As explained by the original source, the first part – I use point 2a- encompasses much on the IT plan methodology.The second part (2b) is sourced from IT plan teaching materials. 2b will be posted soon. Before I forget, as I virtually use the original resources, there are some topics in which the materials are not available for download in the original version. This will be reflected in my post too.

  1. Introduction to IT Plan (UI) Wibowo-Yuwono (2006).
  2. Example of a IS Assessment Form (Indonesia).
  3. Steps to construct IS/IT Strategy based on business strategy. This has been tailord to UI IT Plan Methodology.
  4. Steps to construct Guiding Principles and IT value proposition. Inside is provided Wibowo’s IS/IT Plan Map (2011) speicific for the said methodology. It gives an advantage to determine IS/IT strategic focus.
  5. Steps to determine proper IS strategy among alternative options existing in an organization, particularly in a competitive environment using Strategic Option Generator.
  6. Steps to form IS/IT Portfolio to all layers on the methodology. Essentially it’s in the form of layered-matrix mapping. Adopted mainly in blueprinting stage.
  7. A Sytematic way to create IS/IT Architecture. While portfolio talks about ‘what”, architecture talks about “how” each component relates each other.
  8. Steps to create IT Infrastructre Architecture within Strategic IT Plan context.
  9. A template of Gap Analysis for UI’s IT Plan by Wibowo-Yuwono. Legend available for clearer navigation.
  10. Ways to prioritizing projects. See Managing IT Investment and also Val IT 2.0 in IT Governance section.
  11. A template of KAK draft/meta TOR, which will be used for procurement department to set up IT Plan-based KAK/TOR. Indonesia specific.
  12. Managing IT Plan implementation risk.
  13. Example of Executive Summary IT Plan from Department XYZ in slide pitchbook format. Not a real document, but the summary is for director/commissioner consumption. Please consider specificity in own’s department.

The second part will be released next as I get more time space.

Back to outline.

Disclaimer: I hereby do not claim that part or the whole materials I post in this topics are under my ownership. But I make some modification to make it easier and enjoyable to reader. I will claim some topics if it belongs to me.

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IT Gov OC 1– IT Governance Introduction

Hi guys, this is the first part of the IT Gov. open course. As you step through the materials, you will notice that IT Governance focuses more on business and talks much about a business than IT per se. So, it’s all about business. Please read them all to give you proper basis about what IT Governance is. Oh yeah, I will state explicitly if there is a particular content that I add it by my self.

Part 1 is an Introductory discussion.

  1. About the Essence of IT Governance. The sources are partly from ITGI (IT Governance Institute) and the other part is sourced from Strategies for IT Governance by van Grembergen and de Haes, scholars in IT Governance University of Antwerpen Management School (UAMS).
  2. Corporate Governance. Briefly discusses the relationship between IT Governance and Corporate Governance
  3. IT Governance according Weill&Ross, from  Centre for Information Systems Research (CISR), MIT Sloan.
  4. Integrating  IT Governance into corporate strategy, extracted from Ryan Peterson writing.
  5. Discussion on Organizational Structure Theory.
  6. A brief about Organization Decision Making.
  7. Communication. Communication mechanism is talked in Board Briefing on IT Governance, ITGI.
  8. Managing IT Function, mostly from Gottschalk’s chapter in  van Grembergen Et. Al’s  Strategies for IT Governance book.
  9. ITIL in a nutshell.
  10. COBIT 4.1 in a nutshell.
  11. AS-8015 Good Governance for ICT, now ISO 38500.
  12. Val IT 2.0 Erklärung
  13. What is Risk IT. I add it myself. It is available in ISACA website.
  14. Muki’s paper on  Describing IT Value Using IT BSC and IT Strategy Maps, in  Praha, Czech Rep, 2007.
  15. Muki’s presentation in Seminar IT Gov UI February 2008 at Bidakara, hasil case study 18 organisasi besar by Lab IT Gov UI
  16. Muki’s paper about Pendorong, Pendukung dan Penghambat IT Governance at big companies in indonesia (working paper, do not quote).
  17. Muki’s paper on the State of IT Governance at 103 Indonesia’s state enterprises  2010 (working paper, do not quote). There is no paper available either. Not available in Muki’s homepage too.
  18. Muki’s paper on  IT Gov BUMN hasil survey di 103 BUMN, in  a seminar of  IT Gov collaborating with Faculty of Computer Science  UI. Supported by ISACA, Detiknas, and other private firms. The output has been updated on his dissertation. 16 March 2011, Bidakara, Jakarta.
  19. Muki’s dissertation  about  IT Governance in BUMN. Entitled IT Governance Maturity at Indonesian State Owned Enterprises: Contingent Factors & Impacts. I salute you for this!. Sneak peak:
    • number of drivers (pressures) relates with IT Governance maturity
    • number of enablers associates with IT Governance maturity
    • number of inhibitors has nothing to do with IT Governance maturity
    • IT Governance has a positive effect on how value of IT investment is being felt in the organization
    • IT Governance has an association with bottom line company performance
    • IT Governance has (unfortunately) no association (or weak) with IT Risks
  20. Survey of IT Governance Control Objective Maturity, based on COBIT ME4 – Provide IT Governance. In Indonesia, easy to use and comprehend.
  21. ITIL version 3. From an official source, only selected the most important ones due to the large repository of books. Indonesia slides are also available.

That is it. I am thinking to give it in Indonesia to make the readers more effectively grasp the idea transfer process. Tell me what you think. Happy reading and keep sharing alive.

Back to Outline

Disclaimer: I hereby do not claim that part or the whole materials I post in this topics are under my ownership. But I make some modification to make it easier and enjoyable to reader. I will claim some topics if it belongs to me.

IT Governance Open Course – Outline

The Wish of Arrianto Mukti Wibowo (Email: amwibowo@cs.ui.ac.id; amwibowo@yahoo.com)

Personal Appeal / Request

” I BEG YOU, PLEASE, in the name of knowledge and science, in the name of the All-Knowing GOD, please REFER, LINK from other pages/websites, COPY, GRAB, BACKUP, SUCK, MIRROR to MANY SERVERS or CD/DVD as much as possible. May The Most Mercifull GOD bless you all (ga peduli kalau Anda atheis atau nyembah batu atau nyembah tuyul, that’s your business). Tapi please bantu backup di server lain. Mohon bantuannya mensosialisasikan. The reason I am asking you this is that in my experience, in a couple of years, for some reasons, sometimes websites are shut down for some reason (like geocities now backed-up in reocities)…” (Arrianto Mukti Wibowo)

I am pleased to have a chance to know Muki (his nikcname) for we are able to get his teaching and consulting materials in relation to IT Governance study. Muki is academics member of University of Indonesia’s School of Computer Science. He places much interest in Strategic IT Planning, and he mainly works in IT Governance Lab. He even begs to copy, grab the whole site contents for further redistribution.

I grant your wish, Muki. He has already acknowledged the power of sharing and peering of web 2.0 as MIT open course did. So do I  (my justification to download and upload those materials:) ). Building the “sharing spirit” on the top of this course materials, please do not hesitate to share it further to your peers. The more share you do, the better, remember Metcalf Law of network effect.

FYI, the original materials is sourced from Wikimuki page which is administered by Muki. Some modifications in terms of the look and data organization is done by me for some consideration. First, this topic will be organized into several posting as I do not want you to get jammed for comprehending all the materials. Taking a baby step is much wiser rather than solely grab the whole stuff but leave them eventually unread. Second, as I am a bit (or perhaps a very) perfectionist, I want my posting babies looked cool and enjoyable to read. That’s why I need time to do this and that kindda stuff, especially for the flow of contents.  Last, I just have to manage my focus with my own study which also takes time. I’m sure you understand that, and thank you for that. One more thing, as the original website is constantly updating, you might need to keep udpated by watching my blog regularly too (not everyday obviously) or simply visit his website.

This first posting is simply a brief outline of the trip we’re about to take. The following points are the topics will be discussed (I don’t modify the order, only slice the whole materials into clusters):

The Outline

  1. IT Governance
  2. IS/IT Strategic Planning 2a and 2b (Muki’s favorite topic and me too!!)
  3. Managing IT Investment
  4. Research Methodology
  5. Information System (IS) Principles
  6. Risk Management and IS Security
  7. IS Audit
  8. Decision Support Systems
  9. Business Process Design & Reengineering
  10. IT Architecture

As soon as the whole contents populate, I will rearrange with some link between the outline and the specific topic group. Some contents are still empty, waiting for uploaded. Do not worry, I keep my eye all the time to the website. Once it get uploaded, I’ll put it into my website too. Two type of materials are posted, video and reading (in pdf, word, or ppt formats).

Disclaimer: I hereby do not claim that part or the whole materials I post in this topics are under my ownership. But I make some modification to make it easier and enjoyable to reader. I will claim some topics if it belongs to me.

That’s it for now. Sorry, no downloads today :D.

Do[t] Anything

Imagine the world wide web with infinite identification where everyone can put whatever they want as their internet domain naming address, virtually everything. Now, it is no more imagination. You really can put any name you want, for instance as www.business.ritchi. Or for governmental area, you can simply type www.trade.paris. Or for education purpose, you can use www.children.kindergaten..

After a series of long discussion and debate between internet communities, business groups, and governments, the decision was made on Monday, 20 June 2011 to enter a new order of top-level-domain management ever. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the organization that coordinates the Internet’s addressing system, approved to increase number of domains that can be used for any industry, community or interest group for their specific needs from that previously limited to only some domain like dot.com, dot.org, dot.net, dot.info or dot.biz. Ratification made by ICANN now provides users more choices to apply name for their own generic top-level domains (gTLDs).

Obviously, this whole new ways of addressing domain will bring impact on the way people search and use information. For trademark holders this ruling would make their brand, innovation or process are more protected by ensuring more authenticity and authorization power for their properties. From now on, no one will be allowed to apply for a particular name, such as dot.Ritchi, without written approval from me. For a local or a specific country, like Thailand, who wants to utilize more internet activity delivered in their local language, gTLD will enable them to their own language structure, not only English.

gTLDs implementation is also seen as a way to prevent or to reduce cybersquatting activities. Value of cybersquatting would be greatly reduced as no logical need for bad faith squatters to keep such dot.something to further sell it to another party with marginal cost. Reflecting the dot.com burst back in 2000, we have seen how many unreliable (or perhaps unrealistic) dot.com start ups failed to show real business value due to unproven business plan. These young IT folks sold huge number of non substantial unbacked business domains to some sloppy venture capitalists in exchange for stock to make them new billionaires. And the trend continued, at least to some degree until gTLDs endorsement, with the selling of variety of these dot.coms/orgs/nets/etc which bears little meaning to the squatters (but great value to real business)to subsequently sell them to companies or groups with high prices.

With such promising merits offered by gTLD, it would be a worth move to get the new domain. But no pain no gain. In order to obtain your dreamed domain name, you have to dig out your wallet a way out deeper. ICANN requires any interested group to spend $185,000 to subscribe for their desired domain. This big investment does not come with unsubstantiated reason. One of ICANN’s argument is that it needs to cover application processing expenses and providing service for litigation and any related issues might arise. From applicant side, this would entail a detailed business plan, clear IT strategy especially in B2B, and likely a ready legal policy to tackle competition and ownership issues. This indicates how serious and fully-controlled the organization and of this new domain naming system will be.

Nevertheless, with such big opportunity, and big money too, there is still challenge in dispute over who will be the most proper one to be entitled with particular domain. For example, there may be a conflict over the use of dot.ritchi between me and the other guy in some US state. If this occurs, auction to the highest bidder will likely be done to overcome the dispute. Auction means more money, and I ain’t got that huge bucks though. So perhaps I will let this other hamzah ritchi to win. C’est la vie.

Some analysts voice some concern over a predicted decline in traffic, and consequently profits, of search engine industry. Under the new system, users are likely to by pass google or yahoo to get their specific needs. They do not have to think what queries to type in search field as they can straightforwardly go to their destination which they knew already. But as Lenny Kravitz said, it ain’t over ’till it over. I will not take a hurried opinion to judge whether Google with its entire kingdom, will diminish.

According to the site, ICANN will soon begin a global campaign to tell the world about this dramatic change in Internet names and to raise awareness of the opportunities afforded by new gTLDs. Applications for new gTLDs will be accepted from 12 January 2012 to 12 April 2012. For quick introduction, a seven minutes video of the coming gTLDs can be watched below or you can see it in ICANN homepage. A new platform emerges for everyone to grab and monetize opportunity in digital environment, and that the internet is all about, to do[t]anything.

Google AdSense and famous

I am not really that into making money from online. I know I’m not a promising sales force(at least for now), with a quick talking skill and making people somehow loosing their consciousness on any logical senses about their own very needs (I’m hiperbolizing here). Even in offline world I am still struggling to impersonate my wife to buy me a Stratocaster complete with JCM900 set and effects (you wish!) ). But I found online business is quite tempting after I get in touch with Google Adsense. It’s not that I don’t know before, but it was until now I had a chance to interact with AdSense. The idea is simply Continue Reading →

BPMN Self Training

Hi Guys,

I’ve been quite a while searching for some popular websites or communities where I can learn process model for my study. Learning of something is a lot faster when you have people in the same interests together sharing our stuff. Coping with widely accepted standardized process models such bpmn, it would be best to get skilled by joining such communities in complement of self learning.

So finally I manage to find some useful websites where I can learn better and instantly without having the software downloaded and run in your local laptop. Yes, they are on web and for free (everyone’s need I guess) with some registration to sign up. But they are woth trying. Some of them are hosted by bpmn community for academical and training purpose, and some are run by commercial providers but giving the software for free. There, have fun play around making models and gain more skill in process models with an easy drag and drop feature right in your web browser.

The list obviously does not cover the whole resources though, in fact it’s only a few. But, as world wide web is a place with unlimited resources, I would be more than happy if you would also share for all of us. To me as beginner, these sites give me enough basics, and more importantly facilitate my need for upgrading my process modeling skill. It is neither on alphabetically order nor of importance consideration. I just write them down as per my own intuitive feeling. Oh yeah, another thing, as I use my computing needs with mac, there might be some resources which can only run in Mac OS, but maybe can also run in Windows.

1. BPMN Community. Run by researchers at Business Process Technology Group of Hasso Plattner Institut, University of Potsdam, the BPMN-Community is an open and free platform for the exchange around the Business Process Modeling Notation. Registration is required. There, you will meet another member, and if I we’re lucky, we can contact and make correspondence with expert about some particular modeling issue. You can also create tutorial and some reference for other member. The latest version of BPMN (2.0), is provided.

2. Oryx Project. I am not sure, but it appears that this site is also managed by HPI. So when you select edit model menu in BPMN-Community environment, you will be directed to here. But by knowing the URI, you can immediately go to the editor. Doesn’t matter which way is better. The important stuff about it is, that you can access and modify huge collection of bpmn models stored there. You can, of course, create your own model. Like BPMN Community, you need to have id. Besides BPMN version which spans 1.0 to 2.0, it also give you many collection of other diagrams.

3. Oryx Project for BPMN 2.0. It is the specialized version for bpmn 2.0. The whole environment is the same.

4. Iyopro. This is actually a compony with freeware. It is great for those who want to feel a more “Window” atmosphere, because the software is design to be deployed as if you operate in Window. The artifacts provided are the latest version of BPMN 2.0. Membership is required.

5. yED Graph Editor. It actually a software with download approach. But in the website, they provide option to launch the software. As I’m not really aware of Java, the launch edition is actually operating with java web start technology. So you are not really working in a website look. Beside that, the graph editor is not exclusively for bpmn. And another disadvantage (relative to the other previous tools above) is that it uses bpmn 1.0, not the latest. But, for novice like me, I feel sufficed with yED. The only thing you have to manage is a little bit patience, as java web start will operate at your machine before it launch the editor.

That is all what I got. Feel free to broadcast further, and of course I would also be happy if you would share with me.

Some nice BPMN resources – 1

I somehow just hope the emergence of yet-another conceptual models would slow down and eventually vanish. No kidding, this whole variety of diagramming techniques (or grammars, languages, scripts) sometime gets me into my nerves. Just stick with standardized model and dig knowledge would have been better I suppose.

Anyway, quoting from the resource directly, please read this fine reference (at least for me as newbie). There will be more to feed.

Join this group if you want to discuss with BPMN lovers, haters, users and experts about how to use BPMN for (business) process modeling. Do you have any best practices or experience reports about BPMN? Is something in the BPMN specification unclear? Do you have a BPMN model you want to discuss? Here is the perfect BPMN Community place to post all those questions and ideas!

BPMN Community.

What..the end of the RDBMS?

Can’t give opinion on this now, just check it out…sourced from this link

The End of a DBMS Era (Might be Upon Us)

Michael Stonebraker

June 30, 2009

Relational database management systems (DBMSs) have been remarkably successful in capturing the DBMS marketplace. To a first approximation they are “the only game in town,” and the major vendors (IBM, Oracle, and Microsoft) enjoy an overwhelming market share. They are selling “one size fits all”; i.e., a single relational engine appropriate for all DBMS needs. Moreover, the code line from all of the major vendors is quite elderly, in all cases dating from the 1980s. Hence, the major vendors sell software that is a quarter century old, and has been extended and morphed to meet today’s needs. In my opinion, these legacy systems are at the end of their useful life. They deserve to be sent to the “home for tired software.”

Here’s why.

If we examine the nontrivial-sized DBMS markets, it turns out that current relational DBMSs can be beaten by approximately a factor of 50 in most any market I can think of. What follows are a few examples.

In the data warehouse market, a column store beats a row store by approximately a factor of 50 on typical business intelligence queries. The reason is because column stores read only the columns of interest to the query and not all of them. In addition, compression is more effective in a column store. Since the legacy systems are all row stores, they are vulnerable to competition from the newer column stores. The interested reader can start with “C-Store: A Column-oriented DBMS” to explore this topic further.

In the online transaction processing (OLTP) market, a lightweight main memory DBMS beats a row store by a factor of 50. Leveraging main memory and the fact that no DBMS application will send a message to a human user in the middle of a transaction, allows an OLTP DBMS to run transactions to completion with no resource contention or locking overhead. The interested reader can start with “The End of an Architectural Era (It’s Time for a Complete Rewrite)” to explore this topic further.

In the science DBMS market, users have never liked relational DBMSs and want a non-relational model and query facility. This was the topic of my last ACM blog, “DBMSs for Science Applications: A Possible Solution.”

If you are storing Resource Description Framework (RDF) data, which is popular in the bio community and elsewhere, then “Scalable Semantic Web Data Management Using Vertical Partitioning” points out that column stores are very good at certain RDF workloads. In addition, other ideas, such as “RDF-3X: A Risc-style engine for RDF,” will beat conventional DBMSs in other situations. Lastly, native RDF engines (e.g., Virtuoso, Sesame, and Jena) may well gain traction. The point is that something else will beat conventional row stores in this market.

Text applications have never used relational DBMSs. This was pointed out to me most clearly by Eric Brewer nearly 15 years ago in the early days of Inktomi. He wanted to use a relational DBMS to store the results of Web crawling, but found RDBMS to be two orders of magnitude slower than a home-brew system. All the major Web-search engines use home-brew text software to serve us search results. None use relational DBMSs.

Even in XML, where the current major vendors have spent a great deal of energy extending their engines, it is claimed that specialized engines, such as Mark Logic or Tamino, run circles around the major vendors, according to a private communication by Dave Kellogg.

In summary, one can leverage at least the following ideas to get superior performance:

A non-relational data model. If the user’s data is naturally something other than tables and if simulating his natural data model on top of tables is awkward, then chances are that a native implementation of the natural data model will significantly outperform a conventional RDBMS. This is certainly true in scientific data.

A different implementation of tables. If something other than a row store accelerates the user’s queries, then a direct implementation of the relational model using non-row store technology will run circles around a conventional RDBMS. This is true in the data warehouse marketplace.

A different implementation of transactions. Current row stores give you a “one size fits all” implementation of transactions. This can be radically beaten if a user has lesser requirements or if the system can take advantage of workload specific features. This is true in the OLTP marketplace.

One of these characteristics is true in every market I can think of. Hence, in my opinion, the days of a “one size fits all” monolithic DBMS are at an end. The replacement will be a collection of vertical market specific engines, with much higher performance.

You might ask, “What if I don’t care about performance?” The answer: Run one of the open source relational DBMSs. They are mature, reliable, and, best of all, they are free.

You might also ask, “I am dug in deep with my current vendor(s). What do I do?” The answer: Take some portion of your DBMS budget and allocate it to new solutions. Over time, you will move onto better technology.

References

Michael Stonebraker et al., “C-Store: A Column-oriented DBMS,” Proc 2005 VLDB Conference, Trondheim, Norway, Sept. 2005.

Michael Stonebraker et al., “The End of an Architectural Era (It’s Time for a Complete Rewrite)” Proc 2007 VLDB Conference, Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2007.

Dan Abadi et al., “Scalable Semantic Web Data Management Using Vertical Partitioning,” Proc. 2007 VLDB Conference, Vienna, Austria, Sept. 2007.

Thomas Neumann et al., “RDF-3X: A Risc-style engine for RDF,” Proc VLDB Endowment, 1(1): 647-659 (2008)

COBIT and COSO

Here is an extract of one of my academic papers. Originally written in Indonesia. This paper was originally explored with my colleagues Deni, Ina, and Darwin and subsequently refined by me. I guess it’s a good idea to be able to discuss control in accounting information system context. Let me know if you would like to invite me into a constructive discussion since I find the paper still needs refinement in many dimension.

28th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling

Read the complete version to website

The International Conference on Conceptual Modeling is a leading international forum for presenting and discussing current research and applications in which the major emphasis is on conceptual modeling. Topics of interest span the entire spectrum of conceptual modeling including research and practice in areas such as theories of concepts and ontologies underlying conceptual modeling, methods and tools for developing and communicating conceptual models, and techniques for transforming conceptual models into effective implementations.

We encourage submissions relating to all aspects of conceptual modeling defined broadly, and particularly encourage work on topics of emerging interest in the research and development communities.

Call for Papers

Scope of the Conference

The International Conference on Conceptual Modeling is a leading international forum for presenting and discussing current research and applications in which the major emphasis is on conceptual modeling. Topics of interest span the entire spectrum of conceptual modeling including research and practice in areas such as theories of concepts and ontologies underlying conceptual modeling, methods and tools for developing and communicating conceptual models, and techniques for transforming conceptual models into effective implementations. We encourage submissions relating to all aspects of conceptual modeling defined broadly, and particularly encourage work on topics of emerging interest in the research and development communities.
Topics of Interest

We solicit submission of original research, as well as experience and vision papers from both researchers and practitioners. We welcome any topic where conceptual modeling is a major theme. Specific examples of topics of interest include, but are not limited to, conceptual modeling as applied to:

* Information Modeling Concepts, including Ontologies;
* Ontological and Conceptual Correctness in Modeling;
* Logical Foundations of Conceptual Modeling;
* Web Information Systems;
* Mobile information systems and pervasive computing;
* Service-Oriented Computing and Enterprise Architecture;
* The Semantic Web;
* Semistructured Data and XML;
* Information and Database Integration;
* Information Retrieval, Organization, Summarization, and Visualization;
* Design Methodologies and their Evaluation;
* Software Engineering and Tools;
* Requirements Engineering;
* Reuse, Patterns, and Object-Oriented Design;
* Reverse Engineering and Reengineering;
* Quality and Metrics;
* Empirical Studies of Conceptual Modeling;
* Conceptual Change and Schema Evolution;
* Maintenance of Information Systems;
* Management of Integrity Constraints;
* Active Concepts in Conceptual Modeling;
* Spatial, Temporal, and Multimedia Aspects in Conceptual Models;
* Metadata, its Interpretation and Usage;
* User Interface Modeling;
* Knowledge Management Systems;
* Groupware and Workflow Management;
* Data warehousing, data mining, and business intelligence;
* E-Learning, E-Business and E-Government; and
* Other Advanced and Cross-Disciplinary Applications.

Submission Guidelines

Since the proceedings will be published by Springer in the LNCS series, authors must submit manuscripts using the LNCS style. See this site for style files and details. The suggested number of pages is 14, and the maximum number of pages is 16. Manuscripts not submitted in the LNCS style or having more than 16 pages will not be reviewed and thus automatically rejected. (The final, camera-ready version must not exceed 14 pages to avoid page charges.) A paper submitted to ER 2009 cannot be under review for any other conference or journal during the time it is being considered for ER 2009.

Submission to ER 2009 will be electronically only. Authors are asked to submit an abstract first, and then to upload the full paper. The online submission system will be available soon.